Mark of Hans Goyvaerts, a contemporary art dealer in Antwerp, on back of plate.
One gravestone bears the date 1603 but Martin says that one of other gravestones might have been dated 1607. He says this work is probably from before 1610, certainly earlier than Ertz's suggested date of 1615 (I totally agree on that) but that 1603 (RKD date) is just the terminus post quem. This is probably an early work by Steenwyck the Younger, and is related (said Jantzen) to works by his father. Steenwijck never enrolled in the Antwerp guild, which is really strange and Martin suggests indicates that he did not work there for a very long time. It is, says Martin, possible that he finished this painting a while before JB added the figures, because they do relate closely to the ones in the 1615 picture. Martin suggests that Jan bought the picture from Goyvaerts and then added the figures, which is a neat idea although just speculative.
There are many pentimenti visible in architecture, lowering arches, changing vaulting; there is a lot of underdrawing, some of which was ruled.